Now Mozambique’s Turn to Have Buyer’s Remorse Over Dealing with China?
|December 10, 2013||Posted by Staff under Land Disputes|
This 2013 excerpt of The Ecologist, Nov 30, is by Cecilia Anesi and Andrea Fama.
When you visit the Xai-Xai rice project its sheer scale takes you aback. Black soil, perfectly ploughed, extends for miles until it touches the horizon.
Local NGOs allege that 80,000 people have been displaced by the project; that villages have been left as small islands of habitation surrounded by square kilometres of intensively farmed land where villagers can no longer grow food, or graze their cattle; that crops have been run over or ploughed under; that cemeteries have been despoiled to make way for new developments.
Most worrying of all, they say these impacts are set to multiply as the farming project expands into new territory. The same NGOs also accuse the project of being led with lack of consultation with local communities, and violations of the International Labour Organization’s convention 169 which protects the rights of indigenous peoples.
As with many things in Africa, hard facts are difficult to come by. The project enveloped a massive portion of land, taking it from poor people most of whom had never heard the term ‘land rights’. The Chinese company that reaped the rewards, like a hostile alien invasion, has ‘conquered’ — dismissing any doubt regarding its right to be there. But it is the Mozambique Government that has allowed this to take place – and even encouraged it.
While dedicating all the project area to monocultural intensive farming might satisfy Southern Mozambique’s rice demand, it will certainly not solve the problems of hunger in Xai-Xai district. A partial solution could lie in allowing local farmers to continue using the machambas close to the villages, while contracting local farmers to work on Wanbao’s rice production project.
Ed. Notes: It’s an all too common occurrence: the powerful take land from the weak. Looking deeper, powerful locals and powerful outsiders collude to get what they want, the weak be damned. Haven’t we seen enough yet? Perhaps a more just system would be for the powerful to rent the land from the weak. Then the weak would be compensated, the powerful would acknowledge and perform their responsibilities, and the land would be put to its most productive use.