Smog Made In China, too, for Americans on the Pacific
|January 22, 2014||Posted by Staff under Environmental|
Every so often, the media reports on the smog made in China, blowing across the Pacific Ocean, into the lungs of Americans living on the West Coast.
These excerpts are from 2014, the Weather Channel, Jan 21; from 2011, Discover magazine, Mar 18 by David Kirby; and from the late 1990s in The Oregonian of (perhaps 1999, Mar 5 and 1997, Dec 12, but unclear)
Pollution from China Reaches U.S.
Air pollution from China is blowing across the Pacific Ocean to the U.S. West Coast and causing at least one extra day of smog each year.
The pollution that reaches the West Coast is largely a by-product of production of consumer goods for the U.S. and Europe.
It’s the first study to measure exactly how much of the Chinese pollution reaching the U.S. West Coast is from the production of items for the U.S., like cell phones, televisions, and electronics.
Made in China: Our Toxic, Imported Air Pollution
Even as America tightens emission standards, the fast-growing economies of Asia are filling the air with hazardous components that circumnavigate the globe.
None of the contamination we pump into the air just disappears. It might get diluted, blended, or chemically transformed, but it has to go somewhere. And when it comes to pollutants produced by the booming economies of East Asia, that somewhere often means right here, the mainland of the United States.
Carbon dioxide, the predominant driver of global warming, is not the only industrial by-product whose effects can be felt around the world. Prevailing winds across the Pacific are pushing thousands of tons of other contaminants —- including mercury, sulfates, ozone, black carbon, and desert dust —- over the ocean each year. Some of this atmospheric junk settles into the cold waters of the North Pacific, but much of it eventually merges with the global air pollution pool that circumnavigates the planet.
China now emits more mercury than the United States, India, and Europe combined. “What’s different about China is the scale and speed of pollution and environmental degradation. It’s like nothing the world has ever seen.”
Pollution Violating a New Ozone Limit Crossed Pacific
Even as America tries to slow down its emission, other nations are speeding up. People on the West Coast breathe a pollution a portion of which — 11% — that comes from China, found a University of Washington researcher.
To see the source, one must pay the newspaper.
Ed. Notes: The media is short on memory, long on news hooks. Unlike a modern journalist, if you were a student in college and wrote a paper on air pollution crossing the Pacific without doing any research on previous reports, your professor would not be pleased. So to get a bigger picture, both across time and into the facts, you have to rely on sites like this.
Whether or not reporting can be improved, can industry be cleaned up? Is it too late for the West to set a better example of industrial development? To use the cutting-edge technology sitting on shelves, awaiting use — clean fuels, efficient motors, solar powers, better batteries, lightweight vehicles, efficient mass transit, and settlement patterns that are compact (common destinations within walking and pedaling distance — that would generate heat and light cleanly? Is there still time to export what works (even if we’re not using it yet)?
No matter what lies over the time-horizon, it’s never too late to start doing the right thing. In this case, policy-wise, that means every jurisdiction should:
- extend full liability to knowing polluters
- quit subsidizing the old ways of burning fossil fuels
- make polluters pay; i.e., shift taxes from goods to bads, and
- level the playing field; i.e., shift subsidies from bads to goods, to everyone, paying the citizenry an extra income.
These policies would “internalize the externalities” (to use the jargon) and support the garage startups that are more creative than the cautious corporations. In such an open economy, great ideas would take over market share in record time. It’s the policy of geonomics, based on earth’s natural patterns of feedback and able to harmonize human desires with ecosystem constraints. So what’s the world waiting for?