Clean Energy Slowed Down by Government
|January 14, 2014||Posted by Staff under Environmental|
This 2014 excerpt of Grist, Jan 13, is by Jaafar Rizvi.
From 2001 to 2010, the U.S. built roughly 13,000 miles of new interstate natural gas pipelines compared to just 748 miles of interstate high-voltage transmission lines. This gigantic mismatch is in part due to the fact that the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission lacks the authority to site transmission lines, but does have the ability to site pipelines. So FERC can approve a pipeline route, while a patchwork of local and regional regulators with competing interests must all agree on where an electric transmission line should be built. One broken link in that long and fragile chain of approvals can quash an entire project.
Take for example the Zephyr Power Transmission Project. This line, proposed in 2011, would take power from what could be the largest wind farm in the nation and perhaps the world, the Pathfinder Zephyr Wind project in Wyoming, and deliver it to Las Vegas in the Southwest. This wind farm is expected to generate between 2,000 and 3,000 megawatts of inexpensive, renewable energy — enough to power a million homes. But permitting and review is expected to take six years. The process could go longer and at any point it could be rejected.
Natural gas pipelines, on the other hand, are getting fast-tracked. For example, Spectra Energy, the owner and operator of a pipeline delivering fracked natural gas from the Marcellus Shale to Manhattan, applied for a permit with FERC on Dec. 20, 2010. Less than three years later, it’s bringing natural gas to Manhattan.
Ed. Notes: While bureaucracy may be too slow for power lines, those lines are above ground while pipes for gas are below, so the problems with views, bird flight patterns, etc, are different. Further, should clean energy renewables be centralized, as in a wind farm, or should they be decentralized, with windmills atop skyscrapers for example? Maybe the government shouldn’t necessarily speed up processing for power lines but slow it down for gas lines, and take into question such issues as the pollution from the burned natural gas.