Bloodied Farmers Win Back their Land in Taiwan
|January 21, 2014||Posted by Staff under Activism, Land Disputes|
This 2014 excerpt of IPS, Jan 20, is by Dennis Engbarth.
The Taiwan farmers victory in a landmark court case in a years-long battle has delivered a shock to government officials and given a morale boost to citizen campaigns.
The win followed a bitter resistance campaign against expropriation of farmland that has already cost two lives.
The dispute in Dapu in Miaoli county has been the most high-profile case in Taiwan of resistance to ‘zone expropriations’ in which large zones are subject to compulsory sale to government for projects which use part of the land for infrastructure and sell other portions to raise funds for construction or local government finance.
“Many large-scale zone expropriations of excellent farmland have taken place all over Taiwan usually under the pretext of creating new towns or industrial zones without consideration of actual need, and the land is often sold for speculation,” said Taiwan Rural Front (TRF) chairman Hsu Shih-jung.
The case in Dapu made international news in June 2010 after a Taiwan citizen reporter filmed Miaoli county government excavators, protected by hundreds of police, destroying hectares of green rice paddies ready for harvesting.
A protest sit-in was joined by more than 10,000 citizens.
Professor of land economics Tai Hsiu-hsiung of Taipei’s National Chengchi University told IPS that Taiwan’s excessively low tax rates had pushed local governments to use this method to first finance public infrastructure and then use zone expropriations get land for sale to improve their overall fiscal balance sheets.
Ed. Notes: So if government were collecting the annual rental value of land in Taiwan all along it would not need to sell off land that did not belong to them or the public. Government could also charge fees to the users of infrastructure, the utility bills everyone is familiar with. And government could cut its expenses by eliminating waste and graft. Like other governments in Southeast Asia, Taiwan could recover more site rent, as does Hong Kong, and pay citizens a dividend, as does Singapore — and get completely out of the insider land-trading racket.