Health -- Sleep & Performance, Aging & Attitude
For Time Off, See How the Real Estate Cycles Works
Losing sleep is nigh epidemic in modern life, making it hard to stay young longer, but material security could fix that. We trim, blend, and append one 2007 article from (1) Harvard University in partnership with WGBH Educ. Fdn., Dec 18, on sleep, and two 2012 stories from (2) BBC, Spt 17, on aging and (3) youtube on cycles by P.J. Anderson.
by Harvard U & WGBH, by BBC, and by Phillip J. Anderson
Sleep, Performance, and Public Safety
Insufficient sleep may not have led the news in reporting on serious accidents in recent decades. However, that doesn't mean fatigue and inattention due to sleep loss didn't play a role in these disasters.
* Investigators have ruled that sleep deprivation was a significant factor in the 1979 nuclear accident at Three Mile Island, as well as the 1986 nuclear meltdown at Chernobyl.
* Investigations of the grounding of the Exxon Valdez oil tanker, as well as the explosion of the space shuttle Challenger, have concluded that sleep deprivation also played a critical role in these accidents. In both cases, those in charge of the operations and required to make critical decisions were operating under extreme sleep deprivation.
In our hospitals, over one million injuries and between 50,000 and 100,000 deaths each year result from preventable medical errors, and many of these may be the result of insufficient sleep. Doctors, especially newly graduated interns, are often expected to work continuous shifts of 24 to 36 hours with little or no opportunity for sleep. Hospitals could reduce the number of medical errors by as much as 36% by limiting an individual doctor’s work shifts to 16 hours and reducing the total work schedule to no more than 80 hours per week.
The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration estimates that 100,000 crashes are the direct result of driver fatigue each year, and they consider this a conservative estimate. More recent data suggests that the true number is likely much higher. If drowsy driving is responsible for 20% of all motor vehicle crashes, that equals 1 million crashes, 500,000 injuries, and 8,000 deaths each year in the U.S.
Sleep deprivation negatively impacts our mood, our ability to focus, and our ability to access higher-level cognitive functions. After a period of sleep deprivation, there are noticeable changes in brain activity, as measured by an electroencephalogram (EEG). Concentration, working memory, mathematical capacity, and logical reasoning are all aspects of cognitive function compromised by sleep deprivation.
As the prevalence of inadequate sleep grows and the demands of the workplace change, it becomes increasingly critical that we recognize and take action to mitigate the impact that insufficient sleep has on our safety and wellbeing.
To read more
JJS: One thing that not getting enough sleep does to you is that it ages you, so you might miss out on the extended youth that others enjoy.
Middle Age Begins at 55 Years
Middle age starts much later than previously thought -- at the age of 55.
However, a sizeable minority, nearly one in five, thought middle age did not begin until after the age of 60.
And Britons do not see themselves as elderly until they are nudging 70.
Previous studies have pinpointed the start of middle age as early as 36.
There are now more adults over 65 than there are under-16s.
As the population ages, new cut-off points are being drawn.
Almost one in five (19%) said that being middle age is a state of mind, rather than something that begins at a certain age.
The survey also asked the panel at what age they thought middle age ends. The average came in at 69 years and 277 days.
This suggests middle age itself now spans 14 years and goes well beyond the government's planned state pension age of 66.
As Europeans categorize themselves, the average age at which old age is perceived to start is 62. But there was less consensus on when youth ended, ranging from 34 in Sweden to 52 in Greece, with an average of 40.
Adults in their 50s were upbeat about the benefits of their age group.
To read more
JJS: Boomer Brits may be deceiving themselves about aging, since the brain supposedly starts to slow down at 45. However, we can make every season of life a joy when society treats its members fairly and its economy spreads prosperity widely. Getting a fair share of society’s surplus -- which is the biggest part of social justice -- is something one can achieve. One can win it politically by joining with others to reform public revenue policy. And one can win it for oneself by investing wisely, something our fellow geonomist can teach you to do.
How The Real Estate Cycles Works
Phillip J. Anderson at Economic Indicators Services explains the process of the property prices and widespread prosperity in this youtube video. To watch .
JJS: The purpose of the economy is not to produce merely more stuff to quickly dispose of but produce better stuff. It’s not supposed to create more jobs but create more leisure. It’s malfunctioning when prices constantly rise but working for the good of all when the cost of living constantly falls. All these rational and necessary objectives run completely counter to what one hears in the conventional media and learns in the normal schools. Yet, just as astrology had its day before astronomy, and alchemy before chemistry, so may economics soon mature into geonomics.
Editor Jeffery J. Smith runs the Forum on Geonomics and helped prepare a course for the UN on geonomics. To take the “Land Rights” course, click here .
Land Dues Keep Many Up Yet Make One Happy
Smog may add to diabetes risk
Home prices, sales, and starts keep falling
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