An international panel declares ...
War on drugs a proven failure
Even a former US secretary of state under conservative US president Ronald Reagan agrees it’s time for governments to find new ways to deal with drug users. This 2011 article is from Canada’s Globe and Mail, Jun 2.
by Tu Thanh HaWorld consumption of cocaine and opiates has shot up in the past decade. Cartel violence rages in Mexico. West Africa has become a cocaine-trafficking hub.
A high-powered panel of former heads of states and United Nations officials says it is time for governments to find new ways to deal with the world’s drug problem.
“The fact is that the war on drugs is a failure,” former Brazilian president Fernando Henrique Cardoso said Thursday at the unveiling of a report by the Global Commission on Drug Policy.
Along with Mr. Cardoso, the commission includes former Colombian president Cesar Gaviria, former Mexican president Ernesto Zedillo, former U.S. secretary of state George Shultz [under conservative US president Ronald Reagan], former UN secretary-general Kofi Annan, and Canadian Louise Arbour, the former UN High Commissioner for Human Rights.
WHAT THE REPORT RECOMMENDS
Don’t treat users as criminals
There are an estimated 250 million drug users in the world, according to UN estimates. “We simply cannot treat them all as criminals,” the report says.
The commission notes that countries that rely on repression when dealing with users of injectable drugs, such as Russia and Thailand, end up with high rates of HIV transmission. Britain, Switzerland, Germany and Australia, which have harm-reduction strategies such as needle exchanges, injection sites or legal heroin programs, however, have much lower rates of HIV among injected-drug users.
In Britain, opiate and crack cocaine users that received drug treatment in the community were 48 per cent less likely to reoffend, the report says.
Don’t waste time nabbing the small fry
From farmers to drug mules to street pushers, the trafficking of illegal narcotics relies on a wide pyramid of people. The report argues that going after the smaller players in the drug trade consumes a lot of policing resources without disrupting supply.
“We should not treat all those arrested for trafficking as equally culpable -- many are coerced into their actions, or are driven to desperate measures through their own addiction or economic situation,” the report says.
It suggests alternative sentences for small-scale or first-time dealers who are likely to be addicts themselves. Similarly, providing suppliers with alternative livelihoods, such as legal crops, is more effective than just destroying the fields of coca or poppy farmers.
Decriminalize or give legal access to some drugs to undercut organized crime
The report praises the way Portugal and Switzerland approached their drug problem.
In 2001, Portugal decriminalized the use and possession of all illicit drugs. In the ensuing decade, there was a slight rise in drug use but at the same pace as other countries where drugs remained criminalized.
Since 1994, hard-core addicts in Switzerland are able to get measured doses of heroin at government-approved clinics. The Swiss program has been credited with reducing crime and ending Zurich’s infamous “Needle Park.” As junkies found legal sources for their addiction, the report says, criminal suppliers became less visible and heroin less accessible for casual or novice users.
REACTIONS FROM CANADA, THE UNITED STATES AND MEXICO
Justice Canada spokeswoman Carole Saindon:
“The Government of Canada continues its efforts under the National Anti-Drug Strategy, which focuses on prevention and access to treatment for those with drug dependencies, while at the same time getting tough on drug dealers and producers who threaten the safety of our youth and communities.”
“Making drugs more available -- as this report suggests -- will make it harder to keep our communities healthy and safe.”
Rafael Lemaitre, Communications Director, White House Office of National Drug Control Policy:
“Legalization remains a non-starter in the Obama administration because research shows that illegal drug use is associated with voluntary treatment admissions, fatal drugged driving accidents, mental illness, and emergency room admissions.”
Statement from the Mexican government’s National Security Council:
“Taking partial measures is insufficient and inefficient because it is a transnational phenomenon, with an international market structure that needs to be analyzed in a much broader context than in a single country.”
“Increasing the consumption of drugs in major markets, without measures that impact the market and the supply chain, generates greater economic incentives for criminals.”
“Legalization won’t stop organized crime, its turf wars or its violence. Nor will it strengthen our security institutions and law enforcement. To equate organized crime in Mexico with drug trafficking is to forget that organized crime commits other offences such as kidnapping, extortion, and robbery.”
To see the whole article, click here .
JJS: One wonders if the politicians in office even read the report. What does one have to do to get through to people?
The anti-drug people don’t love drug users; they just don’t want drug-users to enjoy themselves in a wasteful way. To really dissuade drug-users in an effective way, just enjoy life in a way free of drugs or drug substitutes, doing activities that invite and embrace everybody. Put simply: have fun and welcome everyone to join you. Help people feel some self-worth and you will help them see what a waste of life drugs -- including the legal ones like alcohol and prescription drugs -- are.
The whole drug war is such a huge expense that it some regions building prisons -- and becoming more of a police state -- is the only growth industry. One wonders if there might be better uses for scare public dollars –- and if living in a just society, being treated justly, would increase one’s self-esteem so much that one would not feel a need to escape reality. Sure worth a try.
Editor Jeffery J. Smith runs the Forum on Geonomics.
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